Canada has six time zones name: Washington, DC geographic coordinates: UTC-5 during Standard Time daylight saving time:
Comparing Governments The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom and democracy for people around the world. No two governments, past or present, are exactly the same.
However, it is possible to examine the similarities and differences among political and economic systems and categorize different forms of government. One simple way to categorize governments is to divide them into democratic and authoritarian political systems.
Democracies Many countries today claim to be democracies, but if the citizens are not involved in government and politics, they are democratic in name only. Some governments are more democratic than others, but systems cannot be considered truly democratic unless the meet certain criteria: It was not until — after decades of tireless protest and campaigning — that women were granted suffrage by the ratification of the 19th Amendment.
Freedom of speech, the press, and religion. Democracies in general respect these basic individual liberties. No government allows absolute freedom, but democracies do not heavily censor newspapers and public expression of opinions. Majority rule with minority rights.
In democracies, people usually accept decisions made by the majority of voters in a free election. However, democracies try to avoid the "tyranny of the majority" by providing ways for minorities all kinds to have their voices heard as well.
Varied personal backgrounds of political leaders.
Democracies usually leave room for many different types of citizens to compete for leadership positions. In other words, presidents and legislators do not all come from a few elite families, the same part of the country, or the same social class.
The presence of elections alone is not enough to call a country a democracy. The elections must be fair and competitive, and the government or political leaders cannot control the results. Voters must have real choices among candidates who run for public office. Democracies are not controlled by the whims of a leader, but they are governed by laws that apply to leaders and citizens equally.
Meaningful political participation by citizens. By itself, a citizen's right to vote is not a good measure of democracy.
The government must respond in some way to citizen demands. If they vote, the candidate they choose must actually take office. If they contact government in other ways — writing, protesting, phoning — officials must respond.
The degree to which a government fulfills these criteria is the degree to which it can be considered democratic. Authoritarian Regimes Mao Zedong's position as authoritarian ruler of the People's Republic of China is glorified in this propaganda poster from the Cultural Revolution. Authoritarian governments may hold elections and they may have contact with their citizens, but citizens do not have any voice in how they are ruled.
Their leaders do not give their subjects free choice. Instead, they decide what the people can or cannot have. Citizens, then, are subjects who must obey, and not participants in government decisions. Kings, military leaders, emperors, a small group of aristocrats, dictators, and even presidents or prime ministers may rule authoritarian governments.
The leader's title does not automatically indicate a particular type of government. Authoritarian systems do not allow freedoms of speech, press, and religion, and they do not follow majority rule nor protect minority rights.
Their leaders often come from one small group, such as top military officials, or from a small group of aristocratic families. Examples of such regimes include China, Myanmar, Cuba, and Iran. No nation falls entirely into either category. It also dangerous to categorize a nation simply by the moment in time during which they were examined.
The Russia of was very different from the Russia of Both democratic and authoritarian governments change over time, rendering the global mosaic uncertain and complex.
Rulers of the World This remarkable website, painstakingly compiled by an enthusiast, lists the heads of state and heads of government for almost every nation, territory, and autonomous area you can think of, from as far as back as the s.
The website also includes an impressive chronology of recent events mostly related to world leadersa list of foreign ministers by country, as well as information on the membership and leadership of major international organizations.
The Prime Minister of India Get to know the Prime Minister of India on this beautifully arranged website, and learn what it takes to run the most populous democracy in the world.Government bureaucracy consists of the agencies and offices that implement the law.
Government agencies in the executive branch exist in three settings. Cabinet departments are the least independent of the three and are led by secretaries nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
United Kingdom vs. United States; Government; Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government.
For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the . Although the American political system has a strict 'separation of the powers', members of the Supreme Court (the judiciary) are nominated by one of the other arms of government (the President) and approved by one part of another arm of government (the Senate which is part of the legislature).
United States and French Governments Compared. Executive Branch France’s government system is made up of an executive branch headed by two officials, the president and the prime minister.
The division of power is vastly different then the United States government, considering the United States has one official in power, the . Oct 05, · In every way, the executive branch is the most powerful. Checks and Balance is,sadly, history.
In an afternoon, the President can sign enough executive orders to tie-up the Judicial and Legislative branches for YEARS. Rome vs. US Timeline Cite this Website Home Roman Republic Roman Empire EXECUTIVE BRANCH Consuls: Elected by an assembly; ruled as chief executives for (federal) representatives, it helps promote the interests of the people in a way that Roman government did not.
The American Republic is a lot more evolved and refined then .