Covering roughly the part of the Canadian mainland and Arctic Archipelago that lies to the north and northeast of the treeline, Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory of Canada and the fifth largest administrative division in the world. Nunavummiut live in 25 communities spread across this vast territory, with the largest number, 7, censusin the capital, Iqaluit. The creation of Nunavut in the region was previously part of the Northwest Territories represented the first major change to the political map of Canada since the incorporation of Newfoundland into Confederation in
Tweet In andafter a hiatus of seven decades, Makah Indian whalers again hunted gray whales from their ancestral lands around Cape Flattery on the Olympic Peninsula. The Makah, whose whaling tradition dates back thousands of years, are the only tribe in the United States with a treaty guaranteeing the right to hunt whales.
Makahs had not whaled since the s, when commercial whaling nearly wiped out whale populations, but the tribe announced it would resume whaling after the gray whale was removed from the Endangered Species List in The decision ignited worldwide controversy.
Some animal rights activists bitterly denounced the Makah, but other groups, from advocates for indigenous rights to the United States government, supported the tribe's right to hunt. Following legal battles and physical confrontations with protestors, Makah whalers landed their first whale in more than 70 years on May 17, A hunt was not successful, and court decisions put further authorized hunts on hold although five whalers killed a whale without permission in as the Makah, who continue to assert their treaty right to hunt whales, seek federal approval to continue their tradition.
People of the Cape In their language, the Makah are "people of the cape" Sullivan, For generations, they inhabited a large portion of the Olympic Peninsula, extending from Cape Flattery at the tip of the Peninsula for many miles south along the Pacific coast and east along the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
Archeological research has documented well over years of Makah life and culture at the village of Ozette, about 15 miles south of Cape Flattery.
Traditions passed down to contemporary Makahs, reports of early visitors to Makah territory, and the discoveries at Ozette all confirm that pre-contact Makah had a well-developed technology and economy based largely on resources from the ocean, principally halibut, fur seals, and whales.
These are usually obtained far out to sea, and the Makah were renowned for their seafaring tradition. Paddling large cedar canoes carved from the trunk of a single tree, Makahs regularly hunted and fished 30 or 40 miles, and sometimes more than miles, out to sea. Early white observers commented on the Makahs' great skill as canoeists and as whale hunters.
Hunting the Gray Whale The Makah hunted several varieties of whale, but concentrated on the gray whale. These baleen whales, which feed by passing water and mud through large baleen plates in their mouths to strain out food, average 35 to 45 feet in length, and 20 to 35 tons in weight. Pacific gray whales make the longest migration of any mammal.
After feeding off the coast of Alaska during the summer, the whales travel up to 5, miles from the Bering Sea to the coastal lagoons of Baja California, where the females give birth. In the spring, they return to Alaska.
These twice-yearly migrations historically brought thousands of gray whales past the Makah hunting grounds off Cape Flattery every spring and fall. Since even a single whale supplied many needs, and because a whale hunt required substantial resources, whalers occupied positions of high prestige in Makah society.
Only certain families were eligible to lead hunts, and whaling crews were led by the heads of those families. All whalers underwent rigorous spiritual training, including prayer and ritual cleansing and purification, as well as practice in techniques of the hunt. Makah whaling canoes carried eight men -- a harpooner in front, one to steer in the rear, and six paddlers.
The harpoon consisted of a copper or iron head, with horn barbs, tied to a rope of whale sinew and fastened to a wooden staff.
When the whale was harpooned, numerous buoys made of inflated sealskins and tied to the rope were thrown in the water to slow the wounded whale and prevent it from diving. More harpoons and buoys were attached until the whale tired and could be killed with lances.
The whale was then towed to shore where it was carved and distributed among the crew and other tribe members according to custom. Virtually every part of the whale was used.Latest environmental news, features and updates.
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The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay.
Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate. Jun 22, · I have a 3 page expositary essay on any current event.
I am thinking about to doing it on the current debate about Japanese whaling in the name of research, but selling the whale for profit.
I need a 5 paragraph style essay with a good thesisStatus: Resolved. Whaling: Humans Need to Stop Killing Whales PAGES 8. WORDS 2, View Full Essay. More essays like this: Sign up to view the rest of the essay.
Read the full essay. More essays like this: endangered species, whales, whaling. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.