Mildred Lovingthe joint plaintiff alongside her husband Richard Loving in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v. Virginia inin which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down all state bans on inter-racial marriageissued a statement on the 40th anniversary of the ruling in that said: My generation was bitterly divided over something that should have been so clear and right.
More than two thirds of a century had passed after Judah left the scene of his labors in the mountains of California before his name was perpetuated by the memorial. The history of the Central Pacific Railroad begins with Judah, and in the years before his early death that history was largely involved with his efforts in business and legislative matters as well as with the expected engineering problems.
His father was an Episcopal clergyman who moved his family to Troy, New York, when the son was still a baby. Besides Theodore, there were two other sons, Henry M.
Judah, who rose to the rank of brigadier general in the Civil Warand Charles D. Judah, who went to California in and became a member of the firm of Hackett and Judah. As a young man, Theodore D. Judah was destined for the Navy, but he turned to engineering and was graduated from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute at Troy.
This was the era of railroad building and Judah found work on several of the short railroads of that period, notably with the New York, New Civil marriage advantage and disadvantages and Hartford Railroad, and the Connecticut River Railroad.
For a time he was employed on a section of the Erie Canal and also helped erect a large bridge at Vergennes, Vermont. The Niagara Gorge Railroad from Niagara to Lewiston, at that time considered a remarkable feat of engineering, was built under his charge.
While in Greenfield, Massachusetts, on his railroad work, he met Anna Ferona Pierce, daughter of a local merchant, and they were married May 10,twenty-two years to the day before the completion of the Pacific Railroad on which Judah expended the greatest years of his career.
The Sacramento Valley Railroad was built from Sacramento along the sloping plain eastward to the town of Folsom. The route lay south of the American River. There were no difficulties in the construction and only one small creek had to be bridged. At that time,Folsom, situated close to the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, was a starting point to the gold placers on the American River.
It was only twenty-two miles to Coloma on the South Fork, where gold was discovered in When the placer mines were exhausted, Folsom declined in importance, and the railroad lost its principal source of revenue.
After Judah had left the road, it was extended northward along the base of the mountains as far as Lincoln. Ultimately the road was purchased by the Central Pacific, the portion to Lincoln was removed, and from Folsom it was extended to Placerville.
In Colonel Wilson was in New York purchasing supplies for the road and met Judah, who had been recommended by Governor Horatio Seymour and his brother [sic] Colonel Silas Seymour, both of whom had known the young man.
Judah was promptly engaged and after hurried preparations lie and his wife sailed for California in April, He told his wife that he was going to California to be the pioneer railroad engineer on the Pacific coast, and this turned out to be true. Even at this early date he was considering the subject of the transcontinental railroad and would say, "It will be built, and I am going to have something to do with it.
Judah made a report, "The Report of die Chief Engineer on the Preliminary Surveys and Future Business of the Sacramento Valley Railroad," dated May 30,in which he described the line and the favorable conditions surrounding it.
This type of contract, in which the contractor finances the work, nearly always breeds trouble, because the contractor invariably feels that lie may do as he pleases with the work. It is probable that Judah locked horns with Robinson about the character of the work, because they became enemies and in later years Robinson tried to place obstacles in the way of Judah and the work with which lie was connected.The American Civil War was almost fated to happen, as the enduring issue of slavery had only been placated by stop-gap measures.
While it was not the only factor in starting the war, slavery was certainly the main point of contention, as argued by the numerous declarations regarding the seceding states, who listed the maintaining of the institution of slavery as their raison d'être.
English is not an official language of the Swiss Confederation. This translation is provided for information purposes only and has no legal force.
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Civil rights advocate and entertainment attorney James Lionel Tolbert was born in New Orleans, Louisiana on October 26, to Albert Tolbert and Alice Young Tolbert.
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