An epidemic is when an infectious disease spreads within a community or area during a specific time period. Learn about the biggest outbreaks to spread across the United States, and where we are now. People had symptoms of high fever, chills, severe back pain, and rashes.
How Hawaii Became a State Epidemic is a situation when new cases of a particular disease exceed the level of normally recorded in the area during the same period.
Pandemic is an unusually strong epidemic spread in the countries and continents. This is the highest level of the epidemic process. Pandemics of ancient times devastated cities and countries.
There were three largest pandemic of plague, at least 7 known to science pandemics of cholera, the first of which began in the early 19th century, the last — in the middle of the 20th century.
In the past such infectious diseases as smallpox, malaria, typhus, and others often took pandemic character Singer, No less famous are influenza pandemics. In influenza swept Asia, Europe and America. In the 18th century there were seven pandemics of influenza.
It took life of 20 million people. In the 20th century there were other influenza pandemics: The degree of spread of infectious diseases is due to a variety of reasons: State and science in the fight against infectious diseases Scientific and economic opportunities in the fight against epidemics are of great importance in the spread of infectious diseases.
Advances in medicine and related sciences, scientific validity of the epidemic control activities, emergence of specific methods of prevention vaccines have resulted in the fact that the pandemic spread of infectious diseases by the mid 20th century has practically ceased.
The exception is the flu — a disease with a high index of contagiousness, efficient air-borne transmission of the virus, often low level of herd immunity due to a high degree of variability of influenza virus and a very short incubation period. Because of all these features, flu spreads at a speed of contagion, and organizational and common sanitary events are often ineffective.
Thus, the pandemic is an epidemic which has reached enormous proportions, threatening contamination of the population of several countries. It is a global threat to the life of mankind from a microbe or a virus. Uncontrolled spread of a dangerous disease can cause irreparable damage and termination of life of our civilization.
Pandemic threatened to humanity not once.
In the history of mankind, not once epidemics grew into pandemics. For example, in the 14th century a third of Europe population died because of bubonic plague, which amounted to approximately 30 million people.
The disease was transmitted by air-borne route; black rats appeared to be the droplets. Those animals were quite unpretentious; they had brought the infection from China, traveling on merchant ships.
The pandemic did not spread beyond Europe. Nowadays, it is quite possible that the pandemic of influenza can happen. It is worth remembering how people were scared because of the lethal cases of avian and swine influenza viruses.
Man today skillfully uses modern methods of diagnosis. In addition, rapid response of health services around the world made it possible to save the lives of many millions of people.
Today the world is better prepared for a pandemic than at any time, however, its effective combat requires global solidarity.Influenza epidemics are most serious when they involve a new strain, against which most people around the world are not immune.
Such global epidemics (pandemics) can rapidly infect more than one fourth of the world's population.
Pandemics and Epidemics Essay. A pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide - Pandemics and Epidemics Essay introduction.
A widespread endemic disease that is stable in terms of how many people are getting sick from it is not a pandemic. No less famous are influenza pandemics. In influenza swept Asia, Europe and America.
In the 18th century there were seven pandemics of influenza. In the 20th century so-called “Spanish flu” was recorded in Europe, Russia, America, China and India.
Scientific and economic opportunities in the fight against epidemics are of great. The epidemic diseases have occurred as a result of three important factors, which are agent, host, and environment.
In addition, the influenza virus of is known as the worst influenza epidemic ever killing 50 million people and it spread from the United States to parts of North America, Europe, and other various continents.
As medicine advances, there are fewer infectious disease outbreaks, or epidemics. An epidemic is when an infectious disease spreads within a community or area during a specific time period.
- Influenza, Avian Influenza, and the Impacts of Past and Looming Pandemics Avian influenza is a disease that has been wreaking havoc on human populations since the 16th century. With the recent outbreak in of a new H5N1 avian flu subtype, the world has begun preparing for a pandemic by looking upon its past affects.