Metis struggle for self identification

Perhaps with the border crossings of mixed-bloods they will finally hear us. It is this cross border perceptiveness that makes the works of these authors an especially rich area of study.

Metis struggle for self identification

Some people feel this unique group of people does not deserve any sort of recognition, whereas others believe their unique history and culture is something to be recognized and cherished.

The history of the Metis people is filled with struggle; not only struggles against other Metis struggle for self identification, but also a struggle for self-identification.

Despite strong opposition, the Metis people of Canada have matured as a political force and have taken great strides towards being recognized as a unique people. The word Metis is a French word that means: It did not matter how much of each you had in you, as long as there was some of each. At the time, the Metis seemed to be superior in comparison to the individual Indian or Frenchman, because they appeared to possess certain marks of superiority over both parent types or strains.

This meant they had all of the good characteristics from each group and left the bad ones behind. The history of the Metis started with the European colonization of North America.

With the arrival of the West European powers, fraternization and trade began between the European settlers and the many First Nations peoples throughout Canada. The French were the first foreign power to realize the potential benefits of allying with the First Nations peoples.

Champlain's, and therefore France's, goal was to create a mixed-blood race to populate the continent and form a new, thriving colony for France. The offspring of these unions did not live the life Champlain envisioned; instead they often lived exclusively with one group or another.

It was not until the years when fur trading became a lucrative, thriving business that children of mixed descent began to realize their own unique place in the world. When these times arose, these children were the envy of most because they were not only bilingual and biculturalbut they also knew the lifestyles of both the white man and the Indian.

These Metis children were also important because with the help of Indian savvy and white technology became a dominant force in the opening of the Canadian West. The most sought after reason for the envy was because of the jobs they were offered. If they were able to read and write, they were in huge demand at one of the trading companies.

Some would follow in their fathers footsteps and become trappers and traders, a few Metis would even become chiefs of Indian tribesbecause of their knowledge of the white man. The circumstances that existed at this time encouraged the Metis people to begin to formulate their own identity. In the early parts of the 17th century, France created the Voyageur system.

Voyageurs were labourers who would transport trade goods between First Nations peoples and the French trading posts.

Metis struggle for self identification

They functioned under very strict French and Church law. Eventually, several European and Metis individuals and groups began to trade without the French state's approval.

The Métis - Looking Back, Moving Forward by Clayton Bussey on Prezi

These traders were called couriers de bois and were vilified by both France and the Church. Since the couriers de bois acted as free agents, France, and later England, could not profit from transactions made by the couriers.

To counteract the loss in potential revenue, strict measures were created to prevent the couriers de bois from doing any business. These strict measures were called the "conge" system, this was a licensing system where by not more than seventy-five traders would go to the west each year.

Many traders were arrested, and often, were saved only because of strong ties with their First Nations allies. Often these couriers de bois would take First Nations wives, and so the Metis population began to grow.The proliferation of self-reported Metis has emerged as a divisive debate. Efforts by the new Metis to claim Indigenous rights and use identity cards that appear similar to Indian Status cards fuel a perception that the Aboriginal newcomers are so-called rights grabbers.

“Métis”: Race, Recognition, and the Struggle for Indigenous Peoplehood (English Edition) eBook: Chris Andersen: Kindle-Shop. Prime entdecken Kindle-Shop.

Los. Suche DE Hallo! Anmelden Mein Konto Anmelden Mein Konto Entdecken Sie Prime Meine. metis struggle for self identification Essays: Over , metis struggle for self identification Essays, metis struggle for self identification Term Papers, metis struggle for self identification Research Paper, Book Reports.

ESSAYS, term and . On a positive note, Andersen's book will comfort a number of individuals who are now contemplating the last-resort solution of changing their self-identification to "Mitchif" or even "Otipemisiwak," rather than sharing the Metis denomination with other peoples of Mixed-heritage across regardbouddhiste.coms: 1.

In his own words, “It is this unique history and identity that shapes the membership or citizenship criteria of the Métis Nation today based on self-identification, historic Métis Nation ancestry, and acceptance by the historic Métis Nation community.”.

Supporting schools in developing policies for voluntary confidential self-identification of First Nation, Métis and Inuit students is one of the main strategies under the Province of Ontario’s First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education Policy Framework released in

Alberta's Mtis Settlements - The Powley Test of aboriginal rights D. Wall Research Group - Canada