One of the most important characteristics of globalisation is its emphasis on cultural aspects and increased communication due to flexibility of technology to connect people around the world. However, globalisation processes which serve to connect and integrate particular places, groups and individuals, sometimes perpetuate the relative disconnection and isolation of others Murray, By the s, global economic changes began to show a deep impact on the structure and operation of labour markets worldwide, witnessing an increase in female labour force participation rates in developed as well as developing countries. A new international division of labour emerged and this global restructuring process saw the emergence of the global assembly line with research and management being controlled by the core or developed nations and assembly line work relegated to semi-peripheral or peripheral nations that occupied less privileged positions in the global economy.
Discussions of the topic are often greeted with raised eyebrows and comments like Natio nal identity? Yet among the Bahamian public, the sense that there is no national identity is not evident.
Everywhere one turns there is reference to the true' Bahamian experience. The Ministry of Tourism in the capital decorates its foyer with native' Bahamian handicrafts, and is located a bove the Straw Market, the quintessential Bahamian' market.
Shops on Bay Street, the main thoroughfare, vie to promote their merchandise as being Bahamian made'. Popular PAGE 3 Introduction 2 artists invite members of the public to celebrate those things that are unashamedl y Bahamian'; politicians, preachers and radio talk show hosts ground all discussions of appropriate behaviour in the question of whether it is really Bahamian' or not.
People, places and things are singled out and judged according to their adherence to Bahamian' sets of ideals a code that incorporates among other things Christianity, community and a strong commitment to family. The second thing one notices is that individuals know what Bahamian' is when they are confronted with the foreign.
Extremel y clear demarcations are made between who is Bahamian' and who is not. This reluctance to recognise outsiders is not remarkable in itself, but in a nation whose apparent lack of national' symbols has caused many residents to deprecate it, it is certainl y significant. My problem in discussing national identity in the Bahamas is manifold.
How does one reconcile, theoretically, the disjuncture between the intellectual understanding of Bahamian national identity, and the actual national and nationalistic practices of Bahamians themselves?
Part of my difficulty is descriptive, taking on the challenge of identifying Bahamian national identity in a context in which obvious methods mining the literature of the nation, interpreting collective symbols, delinea ting processes of integration do not yield expected results.
In part, it is conceptual. Into what theoretical space can fit a study of national identity in the archipelagic Bahamas, a geographically fragmented, multi ethnic, postcolonial state? And fina lly, it is a question of auto ethnography.
How do I balance my several roles anthropologist, Bahamian, nationalist writer in such a way that I might make sense of my data for all my potential audiences? I intend to address these problems by employing a n umber of theoretical approaches.
Drawing upon widely ranging studies of nationalism, I shall examine how PAGE 4 Introduction 3 the Bahamian example fulfils, and deviates from, expected norms. With regard to the fragmentation of Bahamian territory and the multi ethnic nature o f its population, I shall rely on theories of ethnicity and multiplicity as well as studies of space, place and identity.
And finally, I shall investigate the problem of writing about my own society indeed, of writing about myself by referring to a discou rse of auto ethnography that expresses that relationship in a variety of complex ways.
Nationalism and the myths of nations' In Imagined Communities Anderson discusses the three institutions of power' that helped solidify the nationalist enterprise th e census, map, and museum, which profoundly shaped the way in which the colonial state imagined Such institutions stand atop the p ervasive power of print capitalism, which permits the conceptualisation of the nation defined by Anderson as an imagined political community' whose members delineate their belonging in relation to their fellows, despite the fact that they will never kno w most of their fellow members, or even hear of them' National identity, proceeding from this imagined community, is the fictive commonality that exists among the members of a group that is too large to be linked otherwise.
This commonality di stinguishes the members of this group from the members of other similar groups; nations are not only imagined, but they are also inherently limited and sovereign' Anderson, The trope of imagination is common throughout the theories on national ism. The nation, together with its traditions, is invented' Hobsbawm, ; it comes into being PAGE 5 Introduction 4 when certain economic and social factors exist that permit its creation Gellner, ; it is held together by narratives' that identify it as a unique en tity in a world of other unique entities Anderson, ; Brennan, ; Bhabha, Indeed, as Foster observes, the concepts of invention or imagination highlight one assumption shared by various contemporary writers on nationalism If the nation' is a fabrication, how does it appear real to nationals an d nationalists?In July , new UK guidelines recommended that all patients with symptomatic varicose veins (VV) be referred to a specialist vascular service for consideration of superficial venous intervention (SVI).
flexible working arrangements will be a good option towards achieving work-life balance International Journal of Bus. The appointment of a change agent facilitates the development of systematic approaches that can be a key and serve as practice models to successfully integrate new overarching curricular perspectives and dimensions—in this case sex and gender medicine—into a new medical curriculum.
Trade organisations, industry experts, public bodies and artists that were consulted in the framework of this study are listed critical element to improve and boost our economy, as well as The following paragraphs aim to give some answers to these questions.
and trade; the creation of new business organisatio Creativity as «artistic. Common to all traditions within the critical perspective, however, is the notion that such co-constitutive processes are not arbitrary or spontaneous, but rather occur within the .
Organisational culture is a widely used term but one that most academics and practitioners studying organisations suggest the concept of culture is the climate and practices that organisations develop around their handling of people with the cultural assumptions of the organisation as a whole.
Demonstration projects in the UK civil.