The legal position Under UK health and safety legislation and common law, employers have a duty to take care of employees. This includes carrying out risk assessments and managing activities to reduce the incidence of stress at work. There are three main types of legal duties which employees could use as a basis for a stress claim:
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Abstract The study assessed the prevalence of diurnal bruxism among information technology IT professionals and explored plausible predictors associated with the parafunctional habit.
A cross-sectional study was designed and IT professionals were invited to participate. The inclusion criteria composed of participants in service for at least one year, having natural dentition, no history of cervical or facial injury and not undergoing orthodontic therapy.
The participants were interviewed by a trained interviewer to record information. A pre-tested questionnaire that included questions related to work, stress symptoms and diurnal bruxism was completed by each participant.
Bivariate analyses revealed that work and work experience were significantly associated with self-reported diurnal bruxism.
The study revealed that stress and less work experience were associated with diurnal bruxism among IT professionals in Bangalore city. Introduction Masticatory muscle activities can be normal or abnormal in nature and are categorized as functional e.
Bruxism is one such parafunctional activity PA commonly seen in humans. It is defined as a diurnal or nocturnal PA that includes clenching, bracing, gnashing, and grinding of teeth [ 23 ]. Awake or diurnal bruxism occurs during day time mainly as clenching [ 4 ], whereas nocturnal bruxism is a stereotyped movement of clenching and grinding type activity [ 3 ] and is mainly sleep related.
Dental professionals in general are more concerned about bruxism due to its after effects on the oral and perioral structures. Bruxism occurs in healthy individuals and patients alike. Earlier studies indicate a wide variation in the prevalence of bruxism.
According to a review by Seligman et al. According to an investigation by Ahlberg et al.
Multiple factors have been identified to cause bruxism. Among them stress is increasingly considered as an initiating, predisposing, and perpetuating factor for bruxism, although their explicit relationship remains unclear.
Several researchers concur that bruxism while awake or grinding during sleep is associated with stress and anxiety caused by family responsibilities or work pressure. A Brazilian study on police officers showed that bruxism was associated with emotional stress, independent of type of work [ 6 ].
A study from Finland delineated that an unequivocal linear association existed between self-reported bruxism and experience of severe stress exposure among multiprofessional media personnel. The positive association between continual stress and frequent bruxism was highly significant with an odds ratio of five [ 1 ].
Perhaps etiology of diurnal bruxism is considered to differ from nocturnal bruxism which occurs in relationship to arousal state. Van Selms et al. According to Glaros [ 11 ] psycho-reactive stress could be a factor associated with day time clenching. Clenching of teeth has been reported during intense periods of increased workload [ 12 ].
Majority of the studies published in the literature are related to nocturnal or sleep bruxism compared to those related to diurnal or awake bruxism.
Thus in this study diurnal bruxism was considered since this habit could be related to stress at work. A unique subset of population is that of information technology IT professionals and presently they are an important workforce both in developed [ 1314 ] and developing countries.
Since the s there has been a steady increase in demand for IT in India and today she ranks as one of the largest outsourcer for occidental countries. A large number of companies are currently located in Bangalore city which is popularly known as the silicon valley of India.
Despite this, studies exploring the stress experienced at work and its implications on oral health are lacking. Hence, we conducted this pilot study with the objective to assess the prevalence of diurnal bruxism among information technology professionals and to ascertain specific predictors associated with the parafunctional habit.
Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted. Ethical clearance was obtained from the institutional review board of K. Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bangalore.
In total IT professional worked in the company and were invited to participate in the study. Informed consent was obtained from those willing to participate in the study. The personal information collected during the study was kept confidential.
The study period was from May to July Participants who had work experience in IT job for at least one year, having natural dentition, no history of cervical or facial injury, and not undergoing orthodontic therapy were included in the study.
A trained person interviewed the participants to collect information. Specially designed pre-tested questionnaire was used to record data regarding work pattern, stress, and diurnal bruxism.work in one way or another report higher stress levels, 27 according to the aPa, the top stressors for people in the workplace, in order of importance, are: F or the first time, work-related stress anxiety or depression accounts for over half of all working days lost due to ill health in Great Britain..
In total, million working days were lost in. According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, workers who must take time off work because of stress, anxiety, or a related disorder will be off the job for about 20 days. (6,7,8) Research suggests that suicide, cancer, ulcers and impaired immune function are associated with stressful working conditions.
Jul 09, · Publication of educational documents on work, stress, and health Job Stress and NORA In , NIOSH established an interdisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners from industry, labor, and academia to develop a national research agenda on the “organization of work.”. Related to compassion fatigue, burnout is another adverse consequence of stress that nurses may experience from their work.
Burnout has been studied extensively by job stress researchers.
As workers constantly try to cope with the everyday stress at work they are often confronted with additional stress from the effects of technology and technology related responsibilities on their job.